On Nov 26, 1754, commissioners George Churchman,
Elisha Gatchell, Joshua Brown, Mordecai James and James Brown, who had been
appointed to divide the township of Londonderry made a report of the following
division line; "Beginning at a post in the line of Fallowfield,
about 30 perches westward of David Kennedy's spring head, and 3 perches
southward of a white oak in James Cochran's line, thence south by east to the
corner between Fagg's and Penn's Manor,then down the several courses of Elk
River to the southern bounds of the township."
This report was confirmed, and the name of
Oxford given to the western part, as desired by the petition for division.
It is supposed that some of the settlers were from Oxford twp, now a part of
Philadelphia City,and the name may have come thence or directly from England.
It was divided into Upper and Lower Oxford in 1797.
In 1841 the line between Upper
Oxford and West Fallowfield being in dispute, and its location uncertain,
commissioners were appointed by the court to ascertain and relocate it.
They established it, according to the record of 1728 defining the bounds of
Fallowfield, and by tradition, as beginning at the NE corner of William Penn Jr.'s
manor, thence south 8 5 1/2 degrees west 850 perches to the NW corner of the
same - being the northern boundary of said manor - thence north 47 1/2 degrees
west 496 perches to the middle of Octorara Creek.
William Penn granted a warrant,
dated 15th of 7th MO, 1701, for the survey of 10,000 acres of land for his son
William Penn, being "the remainder due to him of 50,000 acres originally
granted by me to his mother." In pursuance of this warrant a tract
of 5000 acres was laid out for William Penn Jr on the west side of Fagg's Manor,
and the remainder was subsequently conveyed, unlocated, by his son William to William
Allen, of Philadelphia.